“The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe” or The Lyin’ Which is Clothed In a See-Through Wardrobe or Jesus, Satan, and a Convenient Plot Device

*The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe* is the best satirical send-up of Christianity I have ever seen‚Äîbetter than *The Magic Christian* or even *Life of Brian*. It skillfully uses fantasy clich?©s, horrible acting, ridiculous writing, and unmistakable allegorical nonsense to illustrate the follies of Christianity. The writer of this tall-tale made an excellent decision to disguise his satire through the use of ridiculous fantasy characters living in an equally ridiculous fantasy world. Through these mechanisms the bizarreness and irrationality of Christianity comes through in full force.

*Huh…sorry…what was that?*

*Really?*

*You’re not serious…*

I apologize, I’ve been informed that the movie is intended to be an *allegorical argument for the truth of Christianity.* Pardon me, let me start over…

The past few weeks have been swarmed with Narnia madness. *The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe* enjoyed the second largest opening December weekend ever. Adding to the fervor is a set of consistently [good reviews](http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/chronicles_of_narnia_lion_witch_wardrobe/) from critics all over the country. Until *King Kong* opens *The Chronicles of Narnia* seems to have assured itself both a franchise contract and a substantial amount of loyal followers.

The pertinent question is “why?” Seeing how *The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe* is not a good movie, and is not even an *okay* movie, I am left somewhat mystified.

I’m not going to belabor upon my unqualified opinions about the film’s more revolting cinematic components. But it is worth mentioning, aside from my points that follow, that the film failed in nearly every regard. The acting, except for the impressive and precocious ten year-old Georgie Henley (Lucy Pevensie), is resolutely awful. The script is a laughable piecemeal of non-sequitors: sudden and uncalled for expository segues, derivative jokes (particularly the Beavers and their “marital spat” that was as tired and banal as something on “The Lucy Show”), and non-existent character development that gives characters their entire personalities in single, poorly delivered lines (i.e. Peter’s scolding of Edmund in the first scene “Why can’t you just do as you’re told?”).

The score is a treacly and overwrought pseudo-choral stew of soaring voices and layered strings springing up at all the wrong moments. The overall effect is as incongruous as a lovemaking session to Kenny Loggins’s “Danger Zone.” The poorly chosen animal voiceovers would be jilting and disconcerting if they weren’t so hilarious (honestly tell me you didn’t chuckle when the wolf first spoke). Fully animated stories with talking animals are all well and good, however when real humans interact with them all you end up getting is “Mr. Ed”—but without the cool theme song. Furthermore, the film is peppered with a seemingly endless array of “what the fuck?” incidents. (i.e. why did Edmund leave his coat when he left the Beaver’s dam? And, come on…Santa?!?) To top it off the CGI is appallingly bad; bad enough to make Star Wars Episode 1 look like, well, Star Wars Episode 4. Overall, these aspects combine to produce an “epic” film that is less epic than, say, *Naked Gun 33 1/3.*

However, I am not here to talk about the poorly delivered cinematic elements of the film. I will leave that to those more qualified and interested in such cinematic analysis. I am here to talk about the allegorical aspects of the film. You see, I have a secret to tell you: pssssst…*The Chronicles of Narnia* is really about Christianity.

Clearly I am being facetious. Of course *The Chronicles of Narnia* is about Christianity. C.S. Lewis is the most important Christian apologist of the last 200 years. His books have become a defining influence on Christianity as it is currently practiced. One would expect a Christian message to come from such an author. Furthermore, I did not enter the theater expecting a clear allegory not to be there.

It may be clear that I have not read the books. As a child, however, I did see and enjoy the cartoon. Although I had lost most of the details of the story, I was able to remember the sense of wonder it instilled in me through the stirring concept of another world existing in your armoire. And I was honestly excited for the movie—despite knowing what the movie would be “actually” about.

One of the hallmarks of truly bad Sci-fi/Fantasy—one of the traits of bad art in general—is the lack of subtlety. Sci-fi/Fantasy is particularly prone to this mistake due to its usual insistence to have a clear “message.” If you wish to have a demonstration of this characteristic I advise you to turn on the TV next time an episode of *Star Trek: The Original Series* is being shown. Although any episode will do, you may be lucky enough to get the episode featuring the people with black and white faces. In this stirring, tear-jerking episode Kirk tries, with every acting bone in his body, to get a race of people to understand that, although some of them have black on the left side of their faces and white on the right and others visa versa, their differences are trivial compared to their similarities. They shouldn’t hate each other, they should love each other! Life lesson learned and society duly chided. If you can manage to get through this episode without rolling your eyes out the back of your head then you are stronger than me. Either that or you don’t demand subtlety in your artistic diversions.

The Christian message embedded in *The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe* is delivered with as much subtlety, tact, and inconspicuousness as a speech given to the NAACP in blackface. It hits you across the face like brass knuckles on a tenderloin and continues to goad you as you try to pick yourself up off the mat. It is as obvious as a cross-dressing sumo wrestler and as annoying as a kid on an airplane. It is as subtle as the Hundred Years War. In short, it is as overdone and annoying as this entire paragraph.

I must make it clear that my qualm with the allegorical nature of this film is not with the fact that it is a Christian allegory. I have seen numerous Christian allegories that did not irk me so. My issue with the film is that it is a horribly delivered allegory—be it Christian or otherwise—that reduces any meaningful characters or plotting to simply cogs in a machine that mindlessly stamps out the message. Edmund’s incomprehensible betrayal—he knows the White Queen is evil and is motivated entirely by Turkish delight—can only be understood by viewing him as a metaphorical device. Temptation, temptation; that ubiquitous Christian conceit.

In some respect the movie actually paints an excellent argument against Christianity. It continually shows that “Christian logic” fails to make sense even in a world populated by talking animals and sentient trees. The metaphorical devices fall as short of explaining *The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe* as they do towards explaining Christianity itself. The concept of substitutionary atonement (Jesus/Aslan dying for our sins/Edmund‚Äôs sin), as played out in the movie (accompanied by a “crucifixion” scene that might as well have been directed by Mel Gibson), seems bizarre and out of place unless one accepts Christian dogma. Lewis tries to make sense of this act by referencing the inviolability of the ‚ÄúGreat Magic‚Äù and its rules for how traitors are to be treated. This explanation only seems contrived and convenient. Once again, the mindless machine stamps out the message.

The overall effect is a movie that is *only* about Christianity. Quality texts have the sense of being incidentally about something‚Äîthat is, they tell an incredible, engaging story that also, as if by magic, drives home some higher, more philosophical point. However, the story can stand on its own. The effect of conspicuous message placement‚Äînon-subtlety such as that seen in *Star Trek: The Original Series*‚Äîis an inability to take the story seriously. It is difficult to do so when one cannot help but get the sense that the author didn’t take the story seriously. At each turn the author simply asked himself how he would best be able to cram in his allegory. And, like an ageing woman trying on old pants, he will continually insist that “it fits perfectly” despite the fact that he is sucking in his gut and the buttons are bursting. Aslan is nothing but an empty allegorical vessel. Edmund is simply a marionette controlled by a puppeteer who is reading the wrong book for the script. For 2 1/2 hours you simply get to watch Lewis’s message stamping machine go through the motions‚Äîall the time knowing what product will emerge. As much as Jesus is not actually talking about a mustard seed or a man who owns a vineyard, Lewis is not writing about a winsome, whimsical land populated by talking animals and magical creatures. Like a parable of Jesus, when one tries to view the story as a story, and not a mechanism to convey an allegorical truth, the story becomes ridiculous and one is forced to retreat to the metaphor.

Thus, because it is only about Christianity, *The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe* can be informative look into the Christian belief. The film effectively illustrates an aspect of Christianity that is not often discussed; the nature of temptation and what it means to be tempted. Temptation has been viewed, throughout the history of Christian dogma, as precisely those sorts of things which Edmund falls prey to; base and carnal delights. Christian thought has often been circular on this matter by seeming to define “base and carnal delights” as precisely those things that people are wont to fall prey to. However, if one watches the film with a question in mind‚Äî”who is doing the tempting here?”–the moral clarity of the situation begins to blur. Christianity is as much of a temptation as “Satan’s delights”‚Äîoffering community, dogmatic support, eternal love, and‚Äîthe ultimate temptation‚Äîeternal life. In the movie Aslan offers something that is as tempting as the offerings of the White Queen. It is a temptation arms race; summer vs. winter, friendship vs. individuality. And it is not clear who is good and who is bad except for the fact that Aslan is *defined* as good and the Queen *defined* as bad. Phew, dodged that moral quandary. But, if a selfish pursuit of eternal life lived in a world of ultimate pleasure isn’t the supreme carrot on the stick, I don’t know what is. Jeez, and I’m not supposed to say, “pass some more Turkish delight.”

The true foil to *The Chronicles of Narnia* is the *Lord of the Rings* movies—and in many more ways than you may realize. J.R.R. Tolkien was a great friend of Lewis. He is sometimes credited with actually converting Lewis to Christianity. Tolkien’s books are also fraught with Christian metaphor (although denied by Tolkien). However, Tolkien delivers his messages with tact and some amount of ambiguity. And, as far as the movies go, *The Chronicles of Narnia* is about as far away from the *Lord of the Rings* movies as “Cop Rock” is from “Seinfeld.”

*The Chronicles of Narnia* is not a rousing escape to a magical fantasy-world. It is a trip to a church with a bad, possibly intoxicated, pastor. It is a contrived journey via a fumbling allegory into the familiar and profoundly pedestrian. It is a walk down the street in a retirement community. It is a trip to the supermarket on double-coupon day. It held the same type of bare-bones, 3.5 seconds of amazement you get when you enter a neighbor’s house for the first time and see that the floor plan is identical to your own home: “Wow, it’s familiar but looks different.” Only seconds later, “where’s the dip?”

But, ironically enough, I do encourage you to see it; if not only to see what all the hubbub is about. But, moreover, I am interested to hear if anyone feels the same about this movie as myself. Thinking *The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe* is one of the worst movies ever seems to be a lonely thought.

However, if you do go, bring some dip.

Just in case.

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9 Responses to “The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe” or The Lyin’ Which is Clothed In a See-Through Wardrobe or Jesus, Satan, and a Convenient Plot Device

  1. shut up says:

    You’re review is terrible. Perhaps I’ll go into details and waste as much time as you have with a rebuttal if someone replies. The movie is only as bad as you make it. I haven’t even read all of the first Chronicles of Narnia book, although I’m an avid reader. However, I really loved this movie. You only noticed the allegory so much because you went into the moving knowing what it was going to be about. I did as well, but at least I was mature enough to enjoy the movie although I’m not christian. I guess I just like having as opposed to bitching and sounding pretentious trying to write a movie review. Lastly you’re patently a f-cking moron. The CGI was way better than Star Wars. WAY. There is no argument you’re totally wrong. I study film, literature and currently I’m working with editing and 3d graphics and I can tell you that you have no goddamn idea what you’re talking about. Also the voice acting was perfect. Now please piss off.

  2. shut up says:

    you don’t even know how to use half the words you spew forth from your gutter trap of a mouth. When you speak I can almost visualize the steaming piles of excrement ejaculating from your orifice of mastication. This isn’t satire either. It’s allegorical moron. There is a staunch difference.

    You’re review is terrible because it smacks of self-indulgent inflation prevalent throughout it’s long and winded diatribe of purely subjective opinions, colloquialisms and mildly humourous yet cliched and sophomoric anticdotes. Why don’t you write a real review and not one that strokes your own ego. It’s fine if you hate the movie, but your review is pathetiic and asinine. Remind you of someone??? Someone named….You?

  3. Trevor Burrus says:

    Wow, I have been thoroughly demolished. Your tastes and preferences clearly trump my own. I am humbled by having someone of your cinematic qualifications visit the site and read my paltry excuse for an essay.

  4. Aaron Powell says:

    What I particularly like is the part where the second poster says, “you don’t even know how to use half the words you spew forth from your gutter trap of a mouth” and then goes on to misuse “you’re” and “it’s.”

  5. TheHat says:

    I was reluctant to see this movie because of the christian hype, but I ended up seeing it Friday night out of nothing else to do.
    I found that aside from the “Sons of Adam” and “Daughters of Eve” there wasn’t much reference to christianity that couldn’t be attributed to any other myth out there.
    I also thought the CG was very well done. Much better than most movies these days.

  6. Trevor Burrus says:

    “I found that aside from the ‚ÄúSons of Adam‚Äù and ‚ÄúDaughters of Eve‚Äù there wasn‚Äôt much reference to christianity that couldn‚Äôt be attributed to any other myth out there.”

    This comment is…interesting, I guess. Let me put it this way, and this is not meant to be an insult or a jibe but simply a statement of fact: nearly everything in the movie – be it event, location, or character – has a direct Christian allegorical meaning that was purposefully placed upon it by Lewis.

    I don’t need to rattle off the list. However, I will just mention one that is umm….not hidden (to say the very least). Aslan dying for Edmund’s sin absolves Edmund because Aslan is without sin. This concept of substitutionary atonement is unique to Christianity and is not “attributable to any other myth out there.”

  7. TheHat says:

    If you want to read it that way, then you easily can, and I knew people would. However, it was the land that demanded a sacrifice (pagan) and breaking the rules made it not work (no mystical god-zombie explanation).
    Also, there have been plenty of myths that have gods sacrificing themselves or other gods for the good of man. There isn’t an original idea in all of christianity. I assume you are christian since you think there’s something special about it, but all you have to do is read about the other religions throughout time to know that everything in it is borrowed. Here’s a good place to start:
    http://www.holysmoke.org/hs02/mithra8.htm

    Gods dying and being reborn is common all throughout history.

  8. Trevor Burrus says:

    “it was the land that demanded”
    Perhaps you need to look-up the meaning of “allegory.” I believe the term was “great magic” or something of the sort that required atonement to be made for the sin. In C.S. Lewis’s apologetics you will find many extended passages in which he tries to explain why it was that Jesus had to die an atoning death. In the fantasy world, however, “great magic” suffices.

    “Gods dying and being reborn is common all throughout history.”
    This is true. However, it wasn’t my point. I am more than aware of the strong tradition of various gods to sacrifice themselves. The pagan influence on Christianity is undoubtedly great. However, in my previous post I calm that what is unique about Christianity is the view of substitutionary atonement that it takes. In this view someone who is free from sin can be allowed to atone in the place of someone (or group of someones) to whom the sin belongs. This unique aspect of Christianity, an idea that – since its original formulation by Paul and John – has come to dominate and define Christianity, is explicitly and unmistakably referenced in the film.

    If you are unfamiliar with this idea read about it here: http://www.gotquestions.org/substitutionary-atonement.html

    I need not be a Christian to think that Christianity has unique characteristics. This idea is simply ridiculous.

    However, in the end, all this back-and-forth is moot. It is unquestionably true that Narnia was intended to be a Christian allegory. Whether or not you think that allegory was succesfully carried out, well, I don’t care.

  9. Eskay says:

    I have to say though i noticed the christian references, they didn’t particularly affect my enjoyment of the film. P{utting that aside though i really don’t think your review is fair to the film. The acting was certainly a touch over the top but considering the major demographic is famillies that seems forgivable, even benefitial to children.
    your comments about the edmund character are completely unfair however, while in the 1988 bbc version of the book that may have been true, but the development was there in the film, and i felt more than adequate. In the opening scene edmund is transfixed by the bombing, seemingly unable to grasp how such a thing could happen. Risking his life to save the picture of his father (forgive me for a bit of amateur psychology) seemed to suggest a loss of authority symbol. This would later explain his desire to see the queen. He has a choice to make hide in a hut (which he was earlier seen to resent), or, take the chance to be king and in control for a change. This is backed up by his repudiation of peters authority early in the film. It seems as though your hunt for allegory prevented you from enjoying a pleasant film

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